There are two types of brain surgery:
1- It aims to completely damage the brain
2- Correcting a specific condition associated with a region of the body.
The first pattern: treatment of tumors, brain injuries and a disease such as ‘Parkinson’s’
The second type: surgery due to severe nerve pain or psychological disorders
Tumors: are groups of abnormal cells that are inside the brain and these cells put pressure on the skull, which leads to strokes or pain.
Neurosurgery is divided into the following types:
Neurosurgery: Includes neurological and neurological emergencies and bleeding in the brain.
Brain, nervous and vascular surgery: strokes and deformities in the spine are diagnosed here, as well as treatment of aneurysms. These conditions can be treated with stents and catheters
Brain and spinal nerve surgery: Strikes that affect the cervical and lumbar spine, including inflammation of the spine, or arthritis, and problems with pressure on the complaining cord.
Peripheral nerve surgery: peripheral nerve transfer is a treatment for neurotic retention.
Brain and nerve tumor surgery
Skull rules surgery
Treatment methods used in neurosurgery:
Types of treatment, including:
Conventional methods: It is done through surgery to open the skull to reach the brain or brain
Modern methods: It is done through the endoscope by making small holes and inserting the endoscope. It contains a camera connected to his head, and the tools that will be worked on are also inserted.
Neurosurgery and microscopic surgery: the use of microscopic tools to reach and treat affected areas
Endoscopic brain and nerve surgery: It is usually used to treat the pituitary gland or cysts
Some techniques of neuroimaging: including:
– Computed tomography
-Sectional imaging, in positron release
– Magnetic resonance imaging
– Magnetic imaging
-Stereotactic by radiation
Spine and spinal cord surgery is done here. The function of the spine is to protect the spinal cord and support the body and give flexibility and flexibility to the body in movement, among others.
The fusion process takes place when there are problems with the vertebrae and are to be fixed and made of bone or from materials compatible with it artificially and are fixed and combined to make the vertebrae in the spine in a state of uniformity
spine surgery :
Spine surgery is carried out if it is supported by fusion, and this is when the spine is broken or has deformities resulting from movement or a specific or congenital accident.
There is a need to perform surgery for the spine, which is fusion, in order to fuse the area that requires it, such as spinal cord compression, anatomical integrity of the spine, or nerve damage.
Surgeries can also be performed in cases of congenital deformation of the spine, as well as calcification that impairs smooth movement of the spine smoothly and soundly and these are called degenerative diseases and diseases of the spine and spinal cord through which the bone can be removed when the structural stability of the spine deteriorates.
Treating the cervical disc and the lower back disc:
Almost at the age of 40, people suffer from problems in the discs of the vertebrae and the joints of the spine, and the non-surgical treatments are ineffective quickly and take more time for treatment. And surgery can be used in the event that the non-surgical methods are ineffective and the cervical disc replacement process includes that the disc that is It is infected and is replaced by another artificial disk.
Spinal deformity correction:
Common symptoms in the lateral curvature of the spine are the lack of concentration of the head in its position commensurate with the rest of the body and a difference in the height of the arms and also there is a difference in the height of the thigh or stature. A device is used to straighten the back and surgery may be required in that.
Narrowing of the spinal canal:
This guest occurs in the bone channel, which is the center of the spinal nerve and spinal cord, and without surgery, through some exercises, changing the lunch and life style, and other treatment methods such as heat, cold, injection, and some medications.
With regard to the complicated cases of this disease, it may be possible to perform surgery to remove a small part of the bone to relieve pressure on the vertebrae, and sometimes it may be necessary to eradicate large parts of the bone and install a metallic device inside the bone to provide support and stability to the spine, or the so-called vertebral fusion or merging.