Urology is a surgical specialty related to the urinary and reproductive system, the kidneys, also the iberostat and the genitals, and is characterized by the use of advanced treatment tools such as lasers, robots, sound waves, and others.
Treatment of stones in the urinary tract:
There are several reasons for the formation of kidney stones, including:
Ureter injury or damage as a result of trauma, disease, or infection that may lead to stenosis.
Weakness of the bladder walls, which constitutes a urine regression in an irregular or irregular course
Prostatic hypertrophy that affects urination and tightness in the ureter.
Urinary inflammation has a major effect on the formation of stones.
– Accumulation of urine in the bladder as a result of a nerve bladder whose role is affected by the transfer of orders in the urine to the brain, which causes the accumulation of urine in the bladder.
Medical methods for eliminating bladder stones:
Failure to urinate causes the accumulation of minerals in the bladder and stones in it, which leads to the formation of crystals. These crystals can come out of the ureter if they are small and can stick to the wall of the ureter, which increases the matter further in the future because of the increase in size, which the patient is forced to break up or perform surgery, including:
Shredding of stones is carried out by inserting a camera-headed tube to the end of the urethra, and laser or sound waves are used to break up, destroy and dispose of these stones, and then descend through the ureter when urinating, respectively.
Removal by surgery There are cases where the size of the stones becomes very large and it is difficult to break up, which leads the doctor to a surgery to open the abdomen or the kidney to remove these stones.
What is kidney sand?
It is the uncle of solid materials formed as a result of the deposition of crystals in the kidneys, from which sand is formed, and it is solid materials that occur as a result of the sedimentation processes of dissolved crystals in the kidneys and are often protein substances that stick to each other to form what is called sand in the kidney.
Causes of kidney sand:
Drinking water: The water may be unfiltered or unhealthy
Dehydration: Failure to drink water or dehydration in the body leads to a decrease in the water level in the body, which causes an increase in crystalline substances in the urine.
Poor Nutrition: The diet pattern rich in salts and protein substances is a primary source of precipitating substances that are based on the formation of stones. The concentration of these substances results in nephritis, which facilitates kidney formation and leads to sand formation.
This procedure is done to see what is inside the urinary bladder, and a thin tube is used with lenses to closely examine the bladder lining, and the operation can be done under general anesthesia as well.
Diagnosis of diseases and conditions of the bladder and urinary tract infection:
Cystoscopy contributes to the diagnosis of bladder cancer, bladder stones and infections.
Treatment of diseases and conditions related to the bladder:
Certain tools can be inserted through the bladder to treat them, such as removing small tumors.
Diagnosis of prostatic hyperplasia:
The endoscopy of the bladder reveals a narrowing of the urethra as it passes through the prostate, and this means an enlarged prostate. A ureteral regulation can be made to examine the urinary tract, its condition, nature and behind the bladder.
In some cases, urinary incontinence cannot be overcome by pharmacological methods. After examination, the patient’s condition is confirmed as appropriate for incontinence surgery.
It is the primary method in some cases for treating a bladder neck obstruction or kidney disorder.
Types of urinary incontinence surgery:
Surgeries can be performed in the following cases:
– When the bladder is filled with incontinence, and it is formed by the presence of a benign tumor in the prostate.
– After using psychological and behavioral methods to treat incontinence, and if these methods do not help then surgery can be performed.
Urethra Urethral Shutter:
This device is made of silicon materials, and it is flexible when the urethra is placed, which is the tube that passes urine out of the bladder, and it can enter through it amounts of air, according to what the doctor wants to control diuresis.
Paste the urethra:
A special substance is injected around the urethra, in order to obtain management and control of diuresis, by closing the urethra hole or by increasing the thickness of the urethral wall.
Cooper ring / relationship:
It is a method for treating incontinence resulting from surgical procedures, through the prostate gland and a support is placed under the urethra and this support attaches to the muscle tissue, and the supporter presses the urethra and raises it to make it more stable against abdominal pressure.